Basharat Ahmad Dar
The most briskly discussed, however, without clear and satisfactory philosophical and religious justification is the concept of evil. In binary oppositional sense it has been associated with human life since the day of creation which in more pristine sense is the product of first sin of Adam and Eve, as is believed in some theological traditions. High wits broach over it as having circumference in all dimensions of human life and that it is the opposite of what is thought as virtue and ethics also. It, since thought and explored variedly, gives birth to a good number of complex and for the intellectual coterie, even baffling questions on its nature, origin, its essence, etc. Undoubtedly, many answers to the questions like how evil entered the universe, why God created it or let it exist, if evil had been there prior to the world, would it not then be a problem in the notion of God’s ontological goodness, if God did create it, does it not simply mean that God is malicious, if not God but Devil bred it, is it not then a negative mark on God’s Almightiness and Omnipotence, if God created it and let it be in the world, is it not metaphysical foolishness to acknowledge God ordaining to aloof from it.
This paper shall be framed on the concept of evil from moral aspect according to Kabir Das in light of The Bijak of Kabir by Linda Hess and Sukhdev Singh, The Songs of Kabir by Rabindranath Tagore, The Songs of Kabir by Arvind Krishna Mehrotra and prefaced by Windy Doniger. The effort shall be made to come up with the thought that how evil is the outcome of Maya or delusion or sheer ignorance and how it bears no proportion in Divine transcendence in the mystical theodicy of Kabir Das. For that endeavour other relevant and suggestive along with secondary sources shall be consulted with to substantiate the theme with judicious corroboration. The sources for the elaboration shall be philosophical, religious and ethical. Moreover, some references shall be, if necessary, taken from texts from cultural studies since the theme culturally and anthropologically has an indomitable significance.
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