International Journal of Research in English

Vol. 1, Issue 4, Part A (2019)

The Problem of Metaphysical Evil: Critiquing Steinbeck’s The Winter of our Discontent


Khair Ul Bashar, Alam Zeb, Sehrish


The paper critically examines the problem of metaphysical evil which is perceptible in Steinbeck’s The Winter of our Discontent. Metaphysical evil conveys the eternal struggle between good and evil which intended to show that man cannot achieve true perfection due his limitation. The interaction with these belligerent forces kindled spark of materialistic ambition which ultimately establishes the concept of evil, resulting in the loss of human values and ethics. In the The Winter of our Discontent, Steinbeck draws our attention to metaphysical evil in the character of Mary Hawley who is the embodiment of evil in the life of Ethan. The novel presents the unpleasant recurring theme of our society at large. The novel indicates the belief that men as creatures of needs and requirements are determined by the tides of environment. They are set helplessly at cyclone of circumstances. Ethan being a proponent of American dreams and conflicts, he is not only surrounded by corruption but also witnessing chaotic and fast-changing society at around him. Therefore, the textures of Steinbeck’s novels are coherently intertwined in the problem of evil. Each work is preoccupied with a single aspect of evil in modern life.

Pages: 06-08  |  1446 Views  621 Downloads

How to cite this article:
Khair Ul Bashar, Alam Zeb, Sehrish. The Problem of Metaphysical Evil: Critiquing Steinbeck’s The Winter of our Discontent. Int. J. Res. Engl. 2019;1(4):06-08. DOI: 10.33545/26648717.2019.v1.i4a.14
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